ARCHAIC GREECE (3 credits) – Spring 2005

Instructor: Dr. Toth
310 BSB
Tuesdays and Thursdays 6-7:20
Office Hours:
Tuesdays and Thursdays 4-6 or by appointment
Trip to Greece:
March 11-20

50:525:122:07 Honors Seminar
50:606:480:01 Special Topics in the Liberal Arts
56:606:501:01 Graduate Liberal Studies (Studies of the Ancient and Medieval Eras)

The course introduces the students to the early Aegean civilizations focusing on the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean. It includes a detailed study of the civilizations of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans, Greece during the Archaic Age, and the Persian invasions.
The literary masterpieces of the times, Homer’s Iliad and the works of Hesiod, are also anylyzed.

The course is intended for Honors College students as well as undergraduate and graduate liberal studies students.


Fine, J., The Ancient Greeks. Harvard University Press, 1983.

Grading will be based on two in-class tests and a final exam.

Lecture Outline

I. The Age of Temple Cultures
• Stone Age in the Mediterranean
• Bronze Age in the Mediterranean
i. Origins
ii. The Minoan Temple Culture
iii. The Mycenaean Temple Culture

II. Homer

  • History of the Homeric Texts
  • The Homeric Question
  • The Iliad
  • Archeological Evidence
  • The Hero

III. The Dark Age and the Period of Migrations

  • First Excavations in Troy and Mycenaea
  • The Collapse of the Mycenaean Civilization and the Sea Peoples Controversy
  • Migrations

IV. The Greek Agriculture and Hesiod

  • Greek Landscape and Agriculture
  • Hesiod’s Works and Days
  • Hesiod’s Theogony

V. The Euboean Expansion and the Orientalizing Period
• The Rise of the Assyrian Empire (910 B.C.)
• The Euboean Expansion (825-730 B.C.)
• The Formation of City-States
• The Lelantine War
• The Orientalizing Period
i. Corinth
ii. Colonization
iii. Hoplites

VI. Tyrannies before the Early Archaic Age

  • Tyranny
  • Corinth
  • Argos
  • Athens
  • Sparta
  • Tyrannies along the Coast of Asia Minor

VII. The Early Archaic Age

  • The Rise to Dominance of Sparta and Athens

VIII. The Late Archaic Age
• Persian Expeditions
i. The Rise of Persia
ii. King Darius
iii. The First Invasion
iv. The Second Invasion
v. Aftermath: Return to Disunity

Further readings:

  1. Burckhart, J., The Greeks and the Greek Civilization, St. Martin’s Griffin, 1998.
  2. Boardman, J., Griffin, J., Murray, O., The Oxford History of Greece and the Hellenistic world, Oxford University Press, 1991.
  3. Chadwick, J., The Mycenaean World, Cambridge University Press, 1976.
  4. Dyfri Williams, Greek Vases, Harvard University Press, 1985.
  5. Freeman, Ch., The Greek achievement, Penguin Books, 2000.
  6. Hamilton, E., The Greek Way, Norton, 1948.
  7. Hamilton, E., Mythology, Little Brown and Co., 1969.
  8. Howatson, M.C.- Chilvers, Ian, The Concise Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, Oxford University Press, 1993.
  9. Morkot, R., The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Greece, Penguin Books, 1996.

Ancient Writers:

  1. Hesiod, Theogony, and Works and Days.
  2. Homer, Iliad and Odyssey.
  3. Herodotus, Histories.
  4. Plutarch, Lives, Vols. 1-2.

TRIP TO Greece (1 credit)

As part of the International Studies Program, the course includes the trip to “Athens and the Aegean Islands” with a 2-day visit to Athens (Acropolis, Parthenon, Temple of Zeus), and a 5-day cruise in the Aegean sea visiting Crete (Knossos Palace), Santorini (Ancient Thera), Mykonos, Kudasai (Ancient Ephesus, Temple of Artemis, one of the 7 Ancient Wonders of the World) and Rhodes.

Projected cost of the trip to Athens and the Aegean islands(Greece):

  • Estimated cost of the trip(Included Port and Airport Taxes):$1,655.00
  • For the Optional Tours as specified in the Itinerary:EUROS 218.00

Travel Agent

Dimitri Trispagonas Ulysses Tours,inc.
546 Fifth Ave,
New York, NY 10022
Tel: (800) 431-1424, (212) 371-7646
Fax: (212) 371-1579

Airfares are subject to change without notice. Any increase in governmental taxes, sales taxes, entrance fees, and service charge, will be added to the above rates.

Tentative Itinerary

March 11, 2005, Friday: JFK Airport New York Depart in the afternoon, on Olympic Airways, from JFK airport, New York. Dinner, breakfast and earphones included

March 12, 2005, Saturday: Athens Arrive Athens in the morning and transfer from the airport to the hotel ASTOR in Athens (3 stars, off Constitution Square). Accommodation in double rooms with buffet breakfast and including all service charges and taxes. Rest of the day at leisure.

March 13 2005, Sunday: Athens Sightseeing Breakfast and join the Athens Sightseeing Tour to visit Athens. See the Temple of Zeus, the Stadium, the Acropolis and Parthenon. Afternoon at Leisure.

March 14 2005, Monday: Piraeus/Cruise/Mykonos Breakfast and transfer to Piraeus, the port of Athens to depart for the Cruise to the Greek Islands and Ephessos. All meals included and accommodation in double cabins of categories E, or F or D (Inside Cabins). Shore excursions and tipping optional. In the afternoon, arrive in the “white” island of the “Jetsetters” Mykonos. Free time to visit the island and sail in the evening.

March 15 2005, Tuesday: Kusadasi Patmos Arrive in Turkey in early in the morning for optional excursion to the famous ancient city of Ephessos site also of the great Temple of Artemis, one the original seven wonders of the world.(Euros 50). Sail and spend the afternoon at Patmos. Optional excursion to the Monastery and to the Cave where St.John the Divine wrote the book of Revelation (Euros 48), sail in the early evening.

March 16, 2005, Wednesday: Rhodes Arrive in Rhodes in the morning for optional visit to the walled city, built by the knght of St.John, followed by an excursion to the Acropolis of Lindos(Euros 60)

March 17, 2005, Thursday: Heraklion (Crete) Santorini Arrive in Heraklion in the early morning. Optional excursion to the Palace of King Minos at Knossos (Euros 60) and sail at noon. Arrive in Santorini, the legendary lost Atlantis. Disemberkation and transfer to hotel LUCAS. Accommodation in double rooms with buffet breakfast and all services and taxes.

March 18, 2005, Friday: Santorini/Akrotiri Visit the island and a winery in the afternoon.

March 19, 2005, Saturday: Santorini/Athens Transfer to Santorini’s Pier to take the Hydrofoil for Athens. Arrive Athens (at the Port of Rafina) and transfer from the Pier to hotel Astor in Athens for accommodation as previously mentioned.

March 20, 2005, Sunday: Athens/New York Breakfast and transfer to Athens airport to depart on Olympic Airways for JFK airport, New York, where arrival is estimated in the same afternoon.